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Lindsay last won the day on October 27 2017

Lindsay had the most liked content!

About Lindsay

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    Forum Super Administrator
  • Birthday November 7

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    Sarasota, Florida
  • Interests
    Antiques, Astrology, painting, collectibles, music, (most genre'), My two gorgeous Poodles, The Gulf of Mexico, sand and surf, swimming. Dining and dancing, theater. I am Widowed.
    My three grown children. TWO darling grandson's (Sam & Max!)
    Sam was born on New Years Day! He is 15! & Max was born in Feb'09! in Bucks Co PA!
    I have adorable twin granddaughters, born Oct 3rd, 2008, in FL!
    Two darling older granddaughters, 20 & 24, (in FL), (I am a very YOUNG Grandmier, I might add.) Now, just happened! A am a Great-GrandMama! She is Gorgeous! A DF member since 2001 and a DF Owner since 2004~
    I Am and still and always will be Under Construction :coopwink:

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    Unlocking Alzheimer′s mysteries: Deciphering the pathways to neurodegeneration Our brain is the seat of our personality, ambitions, dreams, and desires. It defines who we are as human beings, how we see the world What Are the Signs of Early Onset Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)? Symptoms of early onset Risk factors Diagnosis Treatment Outlook Support Share on Pinterest Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a type of dementia that affects more than 5 million peopleTrusted Source in the United States and over 50 million worldwide. Although it’s commonly known to affect adults 65 years and older, up to 5 percent of those diagnosed have early onset Alzheimer’s disease, sometimes called younger-onset. This generally means that the person diagnosed is in their 40s or 50s. It can be difficult to obtain a true diagnosis at this age because many symptoms may appear to be a result of typical life events such as stress. As the disease affects the brain, it can cause a decline in memory, reasoning, and thinking abilities. The decline is typically slow, but this can vary on a case-by-case basis. What are the symptoms of early onset Alzheimer’s disease? AD is the most common form of dementia. Dementia is a general term for the loss of memory functions or other mental abilities that affect your daily life. You or a loved one may be developing early onset AD if you experience any of the following: Memory loss You or a loved one may begin to appear more forgetful than normal. Forgetting important dates or events can occur. If questions become repetitive and frequent reminders are required, you should see your doctor. Difficulty planning and problem solving AD may become more apparent if you or a loved one has difficulty developing and following a plan of action. Working with numbers may also become difficult. This can often be seen when you or a family member begins to demonstrate problems maintaining monthly bills or a checkbook. Difficulty completing familiar tasks Some people may experience a greater problem with concentration. Routine day-to-day tasks requiring critical thought may take longer as the disease progresses. The ability to drive safely may also be called into question. If you or a loved one gets lost while driving a commonly traveled route, this may be a symptom of AD. Difficulty determining time or place Losing track of dates and misunderstanding the passage of time as it occurs are also two common symptoms. Planning for future events can become difficult since they aren’t immediately occurring. As symptoms progress, people with AD can become increasingly forgetful about where they are, how they got there, or why they’re there. Vision loss Vision problems can also occur. This may be as simple as an increased difficulty in reading. You or a loved one may also begin to have problems judging distance and determining contrast or color when driving. Difficulty finding the right words Initiating or joining in on conversations may appear difficult. Conversations may randomly be paused in the middle, as you or a loved one may forget how to finish a sentence. Because of this, repetitive conversations can occur. You may have difficulty finding the right words for specific items. Misplacing items often You or a loved one may begin putting items in unusual places. It may become more difficult to retrace your steps to find any lost items. This may lead you or a loved one to think that others are stealing. Difficulty making decisions Financial choices may demonstrate poor judgment. This symptom often causes detrimental financial effects. An example of this is donating large amounts of money to telemarketers. Physical hygiene also becomes less of a concern. You or a loved one may experience a rapid decline in bathing frequency and a lack of willingness to change clothing on a daily basis. Withdrawing from work and social events As symptoms appear, you may notice that you or a loved one becomes increasingly withdrawn from common social events, work projects, or hobbies that were previously important. Avoidance can increase as symptoms worsen. Experiencing personality and mood changes Extreme swings in mood and personality may occur. A noticeable change in moods may include: confusion depression anxiety fearfulness You may notice that you or your loved one is increasingly irritated when something outside a normal routine takes place. Risk factors to consider Although AD isn’t an expected part of advancing age, you’re at increased risk as you get older. More than 32 percent of people over age 85 have Alzheimer’s. You may also have an increased risk of developing AD if a parent, sibling, or child has the disease. If more than one family member has AD, your risk increases. The exact cause of early onset AD hasn’t been fully determined. Many researchers believe that this disease develops as the result of multiple factors rather than one specific cause. Researchers have discovered rare genes that may directly cause or contribute to AD. These genes may be carried from one generation to the next within a family. Carrying this gene can result in adults younger than age 65 developing symptoms much earlier than expected. How is Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed? Talk to a doctor if you or a loved one is finding it increasingly difficult to perform day-to-day tasks, or if you or a loved one is experiencing increased memory loss. They may refer you to a doctor who specializes in AD. They’ll conduct a medical exam and a neurological exam to aid in the diagnosis. They may also choose to complete an imaging test of your brain. They can only make a diagnosis after the medical evaluation is completed. Research is still being done on possible alternative treatments. Outlook The symptoms of AD may worsen over time. For many people, a period of 2 to 4 years will pass between the onset of symptoms and receiving an official diagnosis from their doctor. This is considered to be the first stage. After receiving a diagnosis, you or a loved one may enter the second stage of the disease. This period of mild cognitive impairment can last anywhere from 2 to 10 years. During the final stage, Alzheimer’s dementia may occur. This is the most severe form of the disease. You or a loved one may experience periods of total memory loss and may need help with tasks such as financial management, self-care, and driving.If you or a loved one has AD, there are many resources available that can provide you with more information or connect you with face-to-face support services. The National Institute on Aging offers an extensive literature database and has information about the most current research. The Alzheimer’s Association also provides valuable information for caregivers about what to expect at each stage of the disease. READ THIS NEXT Early Onset Alzheimer’s Disease Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP Early onset Alzheimer’s is rare but devastating. Learn about factors that elevate your risk, when to worry, testing and diagnosis, and genetic testing. READ MORE 10 Early Symptoms of Dementia Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP Dementia is a collection of symptoms that can occur due to a variety of possible conditions. We'll take you through ten of the most common early signs. READ MORE What Are the Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease? Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP Iasier to cope with Alzheimer’s disease if you know what to expect from each of the 7 stages. What Are the Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease? Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP It's easier to cope with Alzheimer’s disease if you know what to expect from each of the 7 stages. What Younger Adults Can Do to Lower Their Risk of Early Dementia Experts say moderate exercise is one way for younger adults to lower their risk of frontotemporal dementia. What Younger Adults Can Do to Lower Their Risk of Early Dementia Share on Pinterest Experts say moderate exercise is one way for younger adults to lower their risk of frontotemporal dementia. Getty Images Frontotemporal dementia is a neurodegenerative condition that tends to strike people between the ages of 45 and 65. Researchers say lifestyle changes can reduce a younger adult’s risk of getting this disease. Experts recommend moderate physical exercise, mental games such as puzzles, and quality sleep. Their recent findings suggest that those with a genetic predisposition for the condition can take action that may help. It’s not Alzheimer’s disease, but it causes dementia. Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) strikes in the prime of life, generally between the ages of 45 and 65. Also known as frontotemporal dementia (FTD), it’s a neurodegenerative condition that affects personality, language, movement, and the ability to make decisions. Rapid cognitive and physical decline can lead to death in under a decade. 10 Types of Dementia Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP READ MORE The Terrible Nature of Alzheimer’s: Grieving for Someone Who’s Still Alive There’s no easy way to lose a parent. However, the author is struck by the difference between losing her dad to cancer and slowly losing her mother… READ MORE Life Expectancy and Long-Term Outlook for Alzheimer’s Disease Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP Get information about the average life expectancy for people diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, how much time treatment can add, and what factors… READ MORE Alzheimer’s Risk May Be Reduced by Eating Apples and Other Foods Rich in Flavonoids Experts say the compounds have anti-inflammatory effects that can help with heart health, cancer risk, and brain health. READ MORE However, a new study published in the journal Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association may give new hope to those who carry the genetic mutation that causes FTD. Researchers say a systemic review revealed that physically and cognitively demanding lifestyles are associated with better brain health in relation to aging and Alzheimer’s disease. The researchers noted the lack of studies on how lifestyle affects people with FTD. 10 Types of Dementia Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP READ MORE The Terrible Nature of Alzheimer’s: Grieving for Someone Who’s Still Alive There’s no easy way to lose a parent. However, the author is struck by the difference between losing her dad to cancer and slowly losing her mother… READ MORE FEEDBACK: Written by Kelli Hansen, RN, CMCN, CSA,
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  3. Lindsay

    Father's Day

    Father's Day What Do People Do? Father's Day is an occasion to mark and celebrate the contribution that your own father has made to your life. Many people send or give cards or gifts to their fathers. Common Father's Day gifts include sports items or clothing, electronic gadgets, outdoor cooking supplies and tools for household maintenance. Father's Day is a relatively modern holiday so different families have a range of traditions. These can range from a simple phone call or greetings card to large parties honoring all of the 'father' figures in a particular extended family. Father figures can include fathers, step-fathers, fathers-in-law, grandfathers and great-grandfathers and even other male relatives. In the days and weeks before Father's Day, many schools and Sunday schools help their pupils to prepare a handmade card or small gift for their fathers. Public Life Father's Day is not a federal holiday. Organizations, businesses and stores are open or closed, just as they are on any other Sunday in the year. Public transit systems run to their normal Sunday schedules. Restaurants may be busier than usual, as some people take their fathers out for a treat. Background and symbols There are a range of events, which may have inspired the idea of Father's Day. One of these was the start of the Mother's Day tradition in the first decade of the 20th century. Another was a memorial service held in 1908 for a large group of men, many of them fathers, who were killed in a mining accident in Monongah, West Virginia in December 1907. A woman called Sonora Smart Dodd was an influential figure in the establishment of Father's Day. Her father raised six children by himself after the death of their mother. This was uncommon at that time, as many widowers placed their children in the care of others or quickly married again. Sonora was inspired by the work of Anna Jarvis, who had pushed for Mother's Day celebrations. Sonora felt that her father deserved recognition for what he had done. The first time Father's Day was held in June was in 1910. Father's Day was officially recognized as a holiday in 1972 by President Nixon.
  4. I hope you get a lot of thank you's.  But I don't think you get enough thank you's.  🙂

    🙏    :Coopclapping:

    1. Lindsay


      That was so sweet of you, @HeatherG !

      I just saw this, I have been so busy.  I wish I did get more response.

      Thank you so much!  Stay Safe:flowers:



  5. This Topic has gone on long enough and has had some members distraught over it. It has broken the Terms of Service more than once. despite what @psycholuigiman had said was totally wrong in so many ways. For one, War in the title is not inviting to members. I understand this is an anxiety ridden subject, and we all feel for the victim, George Floyd. I am an old baby boomer and I for one lived through many race riots in the 60's and 70's. As it is in EVERY Forum we DO NOT Debate! These Forums are about Depression and Mental Health and your Anxiety. Period. New Topic. Discuss. I am here if you need to talk. We are re-doing the Portal right now (Home Page) with the help of our Tech/Webmaster (GabeM) 💜 -Lindsay
  6. Hey you guys, I wouldn't dare revele my age, but I am a grandmother of six and just became a great grandmother. I have this website going (barely now, NO TRAFFIC!!!). since summer 2001 and I took it completely over in June 2004 ❤️ There are soooo many different age groups in here, just keep talking in different Forums! It is not all young, trust me. 😉 I hear what you both are saying though, and I do get lonely as well. To you two and I hope to get hugs back!!! ~Lindsay P.S. Get some Avatars on those heads, will you? Who wants to talk to Blank Heads? LMAO!! You do not have to use your own.
  7. Lindsay

    Memorial Day

    MEMORIAL DAY 2020 MEMORIAL DAY FACTS, TRADITIONS, MEANING, AND MORE By The Editors Remembering the essential healthcare workers who gave their lives during this horrific Pandemic taking place place in our world. By Lindsay, Depression Forums Administrator SHARE: Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email PrintFriendly Learn all about Memorial Day, including the true meaning of this day, how it differs from Veterans Day, and why the red poppy is a traditional symbol—with unexpected origins. WHEN IS MEMORIAL DAY 2020? This U.S. federal holiday is observed on the last Monday of May to honor the men and women who have died while serving in the military. In 2020, it will be observed on Monday, May 25. Year Memorial Day 2020 Monday, May 25 2021 Monday, May 31 2022 Monday, May 30 WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MEMORIAL DAY AND VETERANS DAY? On both Memorial Day and Veterans Day, it’s customary to spend time remembering and honoring the countless veterans who have served the United States throughout the country’s history. However, there is a distinction between the two holidays: Memorial Day commemorates the men and women who died while in the military service of their country, particularly those who died in battle or as a result of wounds sustained in battle. In other words, the purpose of Memorial Day is to memorialize the veterans who made the ultimate sacrifice for their country. We spend time remembering those who lost their lives and could not come home, reflecting on their service and why we have the luxury and freedom that we enjoy today. We might consider how we can support and safeguard their grieving families and loved ones who are left behind. Veterans Day is the day set aside to thank and honor ALL who served—in wartime or peacetime—regardless of whether they died or survived. Veterans Day is always observed officially on November 11, regardless of the day of the week on which it falls. Read more about Veterans Day. Remember: Raise the flag with honor and respect! See guidelines for flying the American Flag. MEMORIAL DAY FACTS AND HISTORY Traditionally, on Memorial Day (U.S.), people visit cemeteries and memorials, and volunteers often place American flags on each grave site at national cemeteries. A national moment of remembrance takes place at 3:00 p.m. local time. The custom of honoring ancestors by cleaning cemeteries and decorating graves is an ancient and worldwide tradition, but the specific origin of Memorial Day—or Decoration Day, as it was first known—is unclear. In early rural America, this duty was usually performed in late summer and was an occasion for family reunions and picnics. After the Civil War, America’s need for a secular, patriotic ceremony to honor its military dead became prominent, as monuments to fallen soldiers were erected and dedicated, and ceremonies centering on the decoration of soldiers’ graves were held in towns and cities throughout the nation. After World War I, the day expanded to honor those who have died in all American wars. A Lasting Legacy No less than 25 places have been named in connection with the origin of Memorial Day, and states observed the holiday on different dates. In 1971, Memorial Day became a national holiday by an act of Congress; it is now celebrated annually on the last Monday in May. WHY IS THE POPPY A SYMBOL OF MEMORIAL DAY? In the war-torn battlefields of Europe, the common red field poppy (Papaver rhoeas) was one of the first plants to reappear. Its seeds scattered in the wind and sat dormant in the ground, only germinating when the ground was disturbed—as it was by the very brutal fighting of World War 1. John McCrae, a Canadian soldier and physician, witnessed the war first hand and was inspired to write the now-famous poem “In Flanders Fields” in 1915. (See below for the poem.) He saw the poppies scattered throughout the battlefield surrounding his artillery position in Belgium. The Poppy Lady In November 1918, days before the official end of the war, an American professor named Moina Michael wrote her own poem, “We Shall Keep the Faith,” which was inspired by McCrae’s “In Flanders Fields.” In her poem (also shown below), she mentioned wearing the “poppy red” to honor the dead, and with that, the tradition of adorning one’s clothing with a single red poppy in remembrance of those killed in the Great War was born. Moina herself came to be known—and honored—as “The Poppy Lady.” The Symbol Spreads Abroad The wearing of the poppy was traditionally done on Memorial Day in the United States, but the symbolism has evolved to encompass all veterans living and deceased, so poppies may be worn on Veterans Day as well. Not long after the custom began, it was adopted by other Allied nations, including Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, where it is still popular today. In these countries, the poppy is worn on Remembrance Day (November 11). Today, poppies are not only a symbol of loss of life, but also of recovery and new life, especially in support of the servicemen who survived the war but suffered from physical and psychological injuries long after it ended. Read the text of both poems below, and learn more about the inspiration for the poppy here. “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae, May 1915 In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses, row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the Dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie In Flanders fields. Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields. “We Shall Keep the Faith” by Moina Michael, November 1918 Oh! you who sleep in Flanders Fields, Sleep sweet – to rise anew! We caught the torch you threw And holding high, we keep the Faith With All who died. We cherish, too, the poppy red That grows on fields where valor led; It seems to signal to the skies That blood of heroes never dies, But lends a lustre to the red Of the flower that blooms above the dead In Flanders Fields. And now the Torch and Poppy Red We wear in honor of our dead. Fear not that ye have died for naught; We’ll teach the lesson that ye wrought In Flanders Fields. MEMORIAL DAY WEEKEND: THE UNOFFICIAL START OF SUMMER The Best Times to Travel According to AAA, nearly 43 million Americans are expected to hit the road this Memorial Day weekend for their first vacation of season—about 1.5 million more travelers than last year and the highest amount since 2005. If you’re looking to get outdoors this weekend, AAA suggests the worst time to travel is late afternoons of both Thursday and Friday (4:45-6:00 PM). Commuters and vacationers will be getting a head start on the three-day holiday weekend. In metropolitan areas such as New York, Boston, Atlanta, and the nation’s capital, expect congestion to be two to three times greater than usual at peak times during the weekend. Overall, the best time to travel will be just after the morning commute or after the evening commute, when most people will either be at work or already settled at their destination. So, plan accordingly! How’s the Weather? Super Summer Burger. Photo by Becky Luigart-Stayner. MEMORIAL DAY RECIPES On Memorial Day weekend, we also enjoy the extra time spent with family and friends, sharing a meal. If you’re planning a backyard barbecue or a picnic, here are some of our favorite meals to feed a crowd: Make Picnic Scalloped Potatoes ahead and bring along to the picnic. Super Summer Burgers are always a hit! If you want something with a kick, try easy-to-prepare Spicy Grilled Beef and Black-Bean Salsa. Everyone will love our favorite summer salad. Lemon Sugar Cookies are easy to transport and the perfect ending to a picnic. Find more recipes on our Picnic Food Recipes and Easy Grilling Recipes pages. THANK YOU TO THE FALLEN. From everyone here at The Old Farmer’s Almanac, we would like say thank you to those men and women who paid the ultimate price. We will always remember the sacrifices of our nation’s heroes. We are deeply grateful. In remembering the fallen, we also honor their loved ones: spouses, fathers, mothers, sons, daughters, sisters, brothers, friends. There really aren’t proper words, but we do live in gratitude each and every day for the precious gift that they have given to us. How do you honor the memory of veterans on Memorial Day? Tell us your traditions in the comments below. SOURCE: The Old Farmer's Almanac #Stay Safe #Stay Distance Depression Forums Administration After World War I, the day expanded to honor those who have died in all
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    Mental Health Month May is Mental Health Month: #4Mind4Body Raising awareness about mental health and eliminating the stigma is important. Posted May 06, 2018 Source: Kristen Fuller Approximately one in five adults in the United States, 43.8 million, or 18.5%, experiences a mental illness in a given year and approximately one in five youth aged 13–18 (21.4%) experiences a severe mental health disorder at some point during their lifetime. For children aged 8–15, the estimate is 13%. Mental illness is not prejudiced; as mental health disorders affect men and women of all ages, races and social classes. Since 1949, the month of May has been observed as Mental Health Month in the United States and many national organizations such as NAMI, Mental Health America, and other affiliates spotlight Mental Health Month to raise awareness about the importance of mental health and to stop the stigma associated with mental health disorders. The theme for this year’s Mental Health Month is Fitness #4Mind4Body, meaning that health is an all-encompassing matter and we must take care of our minds just as much as we take care of our bodies. Mental health is important for our physical health and vice versa. A well-balanced diet, a healthy sleep schedule, exercise, gut health, and hydration all affect our mental health and our physical health equally. Studies have shown that individuals who have chronic medical illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure or autoimmune disorders have a higher likelihood of being diagnosed with a mental health disorder such as depression or anxiety. Our bodies and mind act as one unit and therefore it is important to care for both our emotional and mental states as well as our physical health. Changing your health by changing your habits This year’s campaign #4Mind4Body is encouraging individuals around the country to focus on the following healthy aspects of their daily lives in order to promote mental wellness: Maintain uninterrupted sleep for 8 hours each night. Avoid sugars, greasy foods, salts, processed foods and saturated fats. Consume more whole grains, greens, unprocessed foods, lean meats and unsaturated fats. Eat 2-3 well-balanced meals per day. Drink at least 3 liters of water per day. Consume natural probiotics such as yogurt, miso, sauerkraut, kefir, and kimchi. Engage in a physical for at least 30 minutes a day. Stay away from toxic thoughts, toxic people, and toxic conversations. Engage in positive thoughts and conversations. Practice mindfulness or meditation on a daily basis. Learn how to manage your stress. Stay present in your daily relationships. Avoid “screen time” and engage in more “in person time”. Visit your doctor for preventative health and cancer screenings. Take time for yourself every day. Small changes have big impacts For the month of May, Mental Health America and NAMI are challenging you to make small positive changes in your life that can benefit your mind and your body. Document these changes and feel free to share on social media. You may be surprised by how much positive impact one small change can have on your life. About the Author Kristen Fuller, M.D., is a physician and a clinical mental health writer for Center For Discovery. Online: GoldenStateofMInds, Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn Read Next Choosing Happiness COVID-19: We Are All Trying Feed Your Body, Feed Your Brain Love Is Louder Can Your Birthday Predict Your Mental Health? When You Can, Choose Organic No Stigma, No Shame: Breaking the Silence of Mental Illness Applauding Celebrities' Fight Against Mental Health Stigma Why You Can't Think Your Way Out Of Trauma Vitamin D and COVID-19 Why a Narcissist Does Not Seem Like a Narcissist at First How Do People Decide to Do the Right Thing? Relationship Turmoil or the Saving Grace of COVID-19? Find a Therapist Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. Cities: Atlanta, GA Austin, TX Baltimore, MD Boston, MA Brooklyn, NY Charlotte, NC Chicago, IL Columbus, OH Dallas, TX Denver, CO Detroit, MI Houston, TX Indianapolis, IN Jacksonville, FL Las Vegas, NV
  9. Lindsay

    Happy Mothers Day!

    Happy Mother's Day Stay Safe! The Depression Forums Administration
  10. “Be grateful for each day, even the dark ones.” ― Pepper Winters  

  11. I approved this message! Thanks Evalynn! #StaySafe #StayHome ~Lindsay
  12. #StaySafe everyone! Coronavirus Live Updates: Trump Extends Social Distancing Guidelines to April 30 as U.S. Cases Top 140,000 The global count has passed 700,000, an official warns Britain that some kind of lockdown may last for months and Joe Biden urges mail-in elections. RIGHT NOW More than 894,000 tests have been performed in the United States, according to the Trump administration’s point man for testing. 新冠病毒疫情最新消息 Here’s what you need to know: Trump extends the federal government’s social-distancing guidelines through the end of April. Covid-19 patients ‘don’t have to worry’ about big medical bills, health insurers say. ‘I know we feel under attack,’ Cuomo tells New Yorkers rattled by quarantine talk. Syria reports its first coronavirus death. A cruise ship on which passengers died heads to Florida from Panama. Pelosi and the White House exchange accusations of early denial of the coronavirus’s gravity. Lawmakers are floating the possibility of another emergency response bill. Trump extends the federal government’s social-distancing guidelines through the end of April.
  13. Lindsay


    Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the New Testament of the Bible, the event is said to have occurred three days after Jesus was crucified by the Romans and died in roughly 30 A.D. The holiday concludes the “Passion of Christ,” a series of events and holidays that begins with Lent—a 40-day period of fasting, prayer and sacrifice—and ends with Holy Week, which includes Holy Thursday (the celebration of Jesus’ Last Supper with his 12 Apostles, also known as “Maundy Thursday”), Good Friday (on which Jesus’ crucifixion is observed) and Easter Sunday. Although a holiday of high religious significance in the Christian faith, many traditions associated with Easter date back to pre-Christian, pagan times. When Is Easter? Easter 2020 occurs on Sunday, April 12. However, Easter falls on a different date each year. Easter Sunday and related celebrations, such as Ash Wednesday and Palm Sunday, are considered “moveable feasts,” although, in western Christianity, which follows the Gregorian calendar, Easter always falls on a Sunday between March 22nd and April 25th. Easter typically falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon occurring on or after the spring equinox. In Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which adheres to the Julian calendar, Easter falls on a Sunday between April 4th and May 8th each year. In some denominations of Protestant Christianity, Easter Sunday marks the beginning of Eastertide, or the Easter Season. Eastertide ends on the 50th day after Easter, which is known as Pentecost Sunday. In Eastern Orthodox branches of Christianity, Easter Sunday serves as the start of the season of Pascha (Greek for “Easter”), which ends 40 days later with the holiday known as the Feast of the Ascension. Why Is Easter Called ‘Easter’? St. Bede the Venerable, the 6 century author of Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”), maintains that the English word "Easter" comes from Eostre, or Eostrae, the Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring and fertility. Other historians maintain the “Easter” derives from in albis, a Latin phrase that's pural for alba, or “dawn," that became eostarum in Old High German, a precursor to the English language of today. Despite its significance as a Christian holy day, many of the traditions and symbols that play a key role in Easter observances actually have roots in pagan celebrations—particularly the pagan goddess Eostre—and in the Jewish holiday of Passover. Religious Tradition of Easter The resurrection of Jesus, as described in the New Testament of the Bible, is essentially the foundation upon which the Christian religions are built. Hence, Easter is a very significant date on the Christian calendar. According to the New Testament, Jesus was arrested by the Roman authorities, essentially because he claimed to be the “Son of God,” although historians question this motive, with some saying that the Romans may have viewed him as a threat to the empire. He was sentenced to death by Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect in the province of Judea from 26 to 36 A.D. Jesus’ death by crucifixion, marked by the Christian holiday Good Friday (the Friday before Easter), and subsequent resurrection three days later is said, by the authors of the gospels, to prove that he was the living son of God. In varying ways, all four of the gospels in the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) state that those who believe in Jesus’ death and resurrection are given “the gift of eternal life,” meaning that those of faith will be welcomed into the “Kingdom of Heaven” upon their earthly death. Easter and Christianity Passover and Easter Notably, Easter is also associated with the Jewish holiday of Passover, as well as the exodus of the Jews from Egypt, as described in the Old Testament. These links are clearly seen in the Last Supper, which occurred the night before Jesus’ arrest and the sufferings Jesus endured following his arrest. The Last Supper was essentially a Passover feast. However, the New Testament describes it as being given new significance by Jesus: He identified the matzah (or bread) he shared with his 12 apostles as his “body” and the cup of wine they drank as his “blood.” These rituals would come to symbolize the sacrifice he was about to make in death, and became the basis for the Christian ritual of Holy Communion, which remains a fundamental part of Christian religious services. As Jesus’ arrest and execution were said to have occurred during the Jewish observance of Passover, the Easter holiday is often close to the former celebration on the Judeo-Christian calendar. Easter Traditions In western Christianity, including Roman Catholicism and Protestant denominations, the period prior to Easter holds special significance. This period of fasting and penitence is called Lent. It begins on Ash Wednesday, and lasts for 40 days (not including Sundays). The Sunday immediately prior to Easter is called Palm Sunday, and it commemorates Jesus’ arrival in Jerusalem, when followers laid palm leaves across the road to greet him. Many churches begin the Easter observance in the late hours of the day before (Holy Saturday) in a religious service called the Easter Vigil. In Eastern Orthodox Christianity, Easter rituals start with the Great Lent, which begins on Clean Monday (40 days prior to Easter, not including Sundays). The last week of Great Lent is referred to as Palm Week, and it ends with Lazarus Saturday, the day before Palm Sunday. Palm Sunday marks the beginning of Holy Week, which ends on Easter. Easter Eggs Irrespective of denomination, there are many Easter-time traditions with roots that can be traced to non-Christian and even pagan or non-religious celebrations. Many non-Christians choose to observe these traditions while essentially ignoring the religious aspects of the celebration. Examples of non-religious Easter traditions include Easter eggs, and related games such as egg rolling and egg decorating. It’s believed that eggs represented fertility and birth in certain pagan traditions that pre-date Christianity. Egg decorating may have become part of the Easter celebration in a nod to the religious significance of Easter, i.e., Jesus’ resurrection or re-birth. Many people—mostly children—also participate in Easter egg “hunts,” in which decorated eggs are hidden. Perhaps the most famous Easter tradition for children is the annual White House Easter Egg Roll, when children roll Easter eggs down Capitol Hill. Easter Bunny In some households, a character known as the Easter Bunny delivers candy and chocolate eggs to children on Easter Sunday morning. These candies often arrive in an Easter basket. The exact origins of the Easter Bunny tradition are unknown, although some historians believe it arrived in America with German immigrants in the 1700s. Rabbits are, in many cultures, known as enthusiastic procreators, so the arrival of baby bunnies in springtime meadows became associated with birth and renewal. Notably, several Protestant Christian denominations, including Lutherans and Quakers, have opted to formally abandon many Easter traditions, deeming them too pagan. However, many religious observers of Easter also include them in their celebrations. Easter foods are steeped in symbolism. An Easter dinner of lamb also has historical roots, since a lamb was often used as a sacrificial animal in Jewish traditions, and lamb is frequently served during Passover. The phrase “lamb of God” is sometimes used to refer to Jesus and the sacrificial nature of his death. Today, Easter is a commercial event as well as a religious holiday, marked by high sales for greeting cards, candies (such as Peeps, chocolate eggs and chocolate Easter bunnies) and other gifts. Sources McDougall, H. (2010). “The pagan roots of Easter.” TheGuardian.com. Sifferlin, A. (2015). “What’s the origin of the Easter bunny?” Time.com. Barooah, J. (2012). “Easter eggs: History, Origin, Symbolism and tradition.” Huffington Post. Chapman, E. and Schreiber, S. (2018). “The history behind your favorite Easter traditions.” Goodhousekeeping.com. Citation Information Article Title Easter 2020 Author History.com Editors Website Name HISTORY March 29, 2020 © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved.
  14. Lindsay


    Passover (Pesach) generally lasts for eight days in the United States. Many Jewish people spend the Passover period with family members or close friends. What Do People Do? Many people make a special effort to ensure that older people, the poor, and those living alone, can take part in the ceremonial meals known as Seder. They may do this by inviting people into their homes or giving them a gift basket. Passover gift baskets are filled with Seder plates and ceremonial foods and wine. What Is Passover? The eight-day festival of Passover is celebrated in the early spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan, April 8 - April 16, 2020. Passover (Pesach) commemorates the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. Pesach is observed by avoiding leaven, and highlighted by the Seder meals that include four cups of wine, eating matzah and bitter herbs, and retelling the story of the Exodus. In Hebrew it is known as Pesach (which means “to pass over”), because G‑d passed over the Jewish homes when killing the Egyptian firstborn on the very first Passover eve. The Passover Story in a Nutshell After many decades of slavery to the Egyptian pharaohs, during which time the Israelites were subjected to backbreaking labor and unbearable horrors, G‑d saw the people’s distress and sent Moses to Pharaoh with a message: “Send forth My people, so that they may serve Me.” But despite numerous warnings, Pharaoh refused to heed G‑d’s command. G‑d then sent upon Egypt ten devastating plagues, afflicting them and destroying everything from their livestock to their crops. At the stroke of midnight of 15 Nissan in the year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE), G‑d visited the last of the ten plagues on the Egyptians, killing all their firstborn. While doing so, G‑d spared the children of Israel, “passing over” their homes—hence the name of the holiday. Pharaoh’s resistance was broken, and he virtually chased his former slaves out of the land. The Israelites left in such a hurry, in fact, that the bread they baked as provisions for the way did not have time to rise. Six hundred thousand adult males, plus many more women and children, left Egypt on that day and began the trek to Mount Sinai and their birth as G‑d’s chosen people. Public Life Passover is not a federal holiday in the United States. However, some Jewish businesses and organizations may be closed or offer a reduced level of service over the Passover period. Background and symbols Passover is related to the Christian observances of Good Friday and Easter Sunday and the Islamic Day of Ashura. Read about other Jewish observances, such as Tu B'Shevat (Arbor Day), Purim, Yom HaShoah, Lag B'Omer, Shavuot, Tisha B'Av, and Rosh Hashana. https://www.chabad.org/holidays/passover/pesach_cdo/aid/871715/jewish/What-Is-Passover-Pesach.htm
  15. As I feel you do as well, Epictetus I do not know what I would do without your wisdom 🙏 #StaySafe ~Lindsay, Forum Administrator Click on the NPR link I am giving Members below as it is mostly free music audio and video streaming to enjoy! NPR Music is compiling a list of live audio & video streams from around the world, categorized by date & genre, with links out to streaming platforms such as Facebook, Instagram & YouTube. Most will be free. https://www.npr.org/2020/03/17/816504058/a-list-of-live-virtual-concerts-to-watch-during-the-coronavirus-shutdown
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