These are cognitive traps that we all fall into on occasion. The traps are ways to promote negative thinking. It is your job to turn these traps around and promote a more positive way of thinking for yourself. It will improve your self esteem and also help you to help yourself. These are cognitive traps that we all fall into on occasion. The traps are ways to promote negative thinking. It is your job to turn these traps around and promote a more positive way of thinking for yourself. It will improve your self esteem and also help you to help yourself.
TEN COGNITIVE TRAPS
1. ALL OR NOTHING THINKING: You see in black and white catagories. If a situation is anything less than perfect you see it as a total failure.
2. OVERGENERALIZATION: You see a single event as a never-ending pattern of defeat by using the word ALWAYS or NEVER when you think about it.
3. MENTAL FILTER: You pick out a single negative detail and dwell on it exclusively. One word of criticism erases all the praise you have received.
4. DISCOUNTING THE POSITIVE: You reject positive experiences by insisting they “DON”T COUNT”. If you do a good job, you tell yourself that anyone could have done as well.
5. JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS: You interpret things negatively when there are no facts to support your conclusions. Two common variations are MIND READING (you arbitrarily conclude that someone is reacting negatively to you) and FORTUNE TELLING (you assume and predict that things will turn out badly).
6. MAGNIFICATION: You exagerate the importance of your problems and shortcomings, or you minimize your desirable qualities. This is also called the “BINOCULAR TRICK”.
7. EMOTIONAL REASONING: You assume your negative emotions reflect the way things really are: “I FEEL GUILTY. I MUST BE A ROTTEN PERSON”.
8. “SHOULD” STATEMENTS: You tell yourself that things should be the way you hoped or expected them to be. Many people try to motivate themselves with “SHOULD’S” and “SHOULDN’TS” as if they had to be punished before they could be expected to do anything.
9. LABELING: This is an extreem form of “ALL OR NOTHING” thinking. Instead of saying, “I MADE A MISTAKE”, you attach a negative label to yourself: “I’M A LOSER”.
10. PERSONALIZATION AND BLAME: You hold yourself personally responsible for events that aren’t entirely under your control.