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Lindsay

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About Lindsay

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  • Birthday November 7

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    Sarasota, Florida
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    Antiques, Astrology, painting, collectibles, music, (most genre'), My Poodles, Prince Baci, of Venice and Prince Remy, "That's Our Boy!", The Gulf of Mexico, sand and surf, swimming. Dining and dancing, theater. Widowed.
    My three grown children. TWO darling grandson's (Sam & Max!)
    Sam was born on New Years Day, 2004. Max was born Feb 21, 2009. In Bucks Co PA.
    I have adorable twin granddaughters, born Oct 3rd, 2008, near me in FL!
    Two darling older granddaughters , 15 & 19, (in FL), (a very YOUNG Grandmier, I might add.) DF member since 2001
    I Am Still always Under Construction :coopwink:

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  1. Dear Lindsay

    I see that Duck has posted in the forum few hours ago. I guess his ban is lifted. 

    Please disregard my earlier msg to you to appeal for Duck's ban. 

    Thank you. 

     

  2. @PTSD Effects - Detatched and Disconnected @PTSDawarenessmonth You’re Not Crazy! – Disconnection from Reality Is Common in Anxiety Sufferers September 10, 2014 by Marie Glenmore Do you ever feel like you’re outside your body, looking at yourself – as though your actions aren’t really yours? Do you ever have the sensation that you are living in a dream, and nothing around you feels real? If the answer is yes, does it make you feel a little bit crazy sometimes? When Nothing Feels Real: @Derealization @Depersonalization and @Anxiety These are phenomena called depersonalization and derealization, and you may be surprised to learn that it’s actually quite common in psychological disorders such as anxiety and depression. They are especially common during panic attacks, but depersonalization and/or derealization (DP/DR) can happen at any time. For instance, derealization is something I’ve experienced throughout most of my life, and strangely enough, it has never occurred while I was actually having a panic attack. DP/DR can be incredibly distressing. These experiences tend to fuel further anxiety and panic attacks, and perpetuate the feelings of DP/DR. It can become a vicious cycle that feels impossible to break, and this is often very frightening for those who don’t fully understand what’s going on. If it’s happening to you, I hope you can take some comfort in knowing that it happens to many of us, and it does not mean you’re crazy, or that you’re going crazy! Despite feeling uncomfortable or scary, it’s actually not dangerous and will not cause lasting damage. Disassociation through Derealization and Depersonalization Depersonalization and derealization are considered to be dissociative symptoms, which can occur on their own, or alongside other disorders. It is often a result of past trauma, but can also come about after experiencing prolonged stress and anxiety. Essentially, depersonalization is feeling divorced from your sense of self – that feeling that you’re watching yourself do things, or that you’re not in your body. Derealization is a state in which the things — or even people — around you do not feel real. Chronic DP/DR is classified as a dissociative disorder, which can occur on its own, but is often comorbid with other conditions, such as anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder. It often comes about from severe traumatic events, but can also be a result of prolonged stress and anxiety. DP/DR — when not induced by drugs, alcohol, or another health condition — is thought to be a coping mechanism of the brain that gets “switched on” in order to allow to brain to experience stress or trauma less intensely. (This is why it’s a common occurrence during panic attacks.) However, it’s important to note that DP/DR can happen even when you do not feel particularly stressed or upset. Sometimes, when it comes on unexpectedly like this, it can feel even more disturbing. Common DP/DR experiences include: Feeling disconnected from your body, or that your actions aren’t your own (depersonalization). Being in a dreamlike state, or feeling as though you’re looking at everything through a haze or fog (derealization). Feeling like an alien or a stranger, even in familiar places; in severe instances, you may not recognize people or things you know. Questioning everything, even things that you once felt certain of – your faith, the reality of everything around you, and even your purpose and what it means to be alive. Feeling that the things are lacking in significance, as though they are lacking in depth and meaning. A sense of hyper-awareness, as though you cannot stop over-thinking or over-analyzing everything. Feeling totally absorbed in your own thoughts, or even feeling that you are in your own world or dimension; sometimes finding yourself in a place and not remembering how you got there Not remembering what happened during the dissociative state (though this is certainly not always the case) Managing Depersonalization and Derealization The good news is that depersonalization and derealization caused by anxiety are not actually dangerous, even if it feels particularly distressing. For most people who do not have a chronic dissociative disorder, these states eventually pass. The best thing to do is not fight it, since this can cause more stress or panic and feed the cycle of anxiety and DP/DR. Here’s what’s been helpful for me and others I know who experience DP/DR: Take a deep breath or practice breathing exercises. Focus on mindfulness and whatever’s going on in the present moment – this can help keep you “grounded.” Practice regular meditation and yoga. These activities increase your awareness of your own body and mind, which can help to prevent that disconnected feeling. Additionally, over time, yoga and meditation can greatly aid in emotional healing and recovery from anxiety disorders. Try to keep busy. Many people report that they don’t struggle with DP/DR as much when they’re busy. It tends to be more common when you’re alone or not doing anything in particular. Find a helpful distraction, such as a funny video or an absorbing book. Distractions don’t work for everyone, but for some, they help pull them back down to reality. Avoid alcohol and other drugs, as they typically intensify the feelings of DP/DR. Make sleep a priority – fatigue also intensifies dissociative states. Reach out to someone you trust. We are often hesitant to talk about these feelings because we don’t want people to think we’re “crazy,” but maintaining a connection with others is important to prevent further withdrawal from reality. Explore these issues with a therapist My personal favorite strategy: Accept what is happening, remind yourself that it’s just a little “glitch” in the brain, and even try to embrace it if possible. When derealization kicks in for me, I like to go for a long walk, preferably in the woods or someplace with a lot of natural beauty. I may feel like I’m walking in a dream, but usually by the time I get home, things feel real to me again. However, any physical activity can potentially have this effect – go to the gym, dance, take a yoga class. These are all great options. An Important Note on DP/DR and Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines such as Ativan, Xanax and Klonopin are commonly prescribed to anxiety patients, but ironically, they can induce DP/DR in people, especially after long-term use. This is the case even if you always take your medication exactly as prescribed and keep a consistent dose. In fact, the most intense period of derealization I’ve ever felt was during the months when I was prescribed Klonopin twice a day. Additionally, stopping benzodiazepine use is also known to cause depersonalization and derealization. This can last even after other withdrawal symptoms have subsided. Therefore, anxiety sufferers who experience DP/DR should consider whether these drugs may do more harm than good for them, and explore other medication-free coping strategies.
  3. Chanukah (Hanukkah)

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    Hanukkah: History Print Email Share 31 17 Unlike many Jewish holidays, Hanukkah (also known as the Festival of Lights) is not mentioned in the Bible. The historical events upon which the celebration is based are recorded in Maccabees I and II, two books contained within a later collection of writings known as the Apocrypha. Although Hanukkah is considered a “minor” Jewish festival, today it ranks—along with Passover and Purim—as one of the most beloved Jewish family holidays. In the year 168 B.C.E., the Syrian tyrant Antiochus Epiphanes sent his soldiers to Jerusalem. The Syrians desecrated the Temple, the holiest place for Jews at that time. Antiochus also abolished Judaism, outlawing the observance of Shabbat and the Festivals, as well as circumcision. Altars and idols were set up for the worship of Greek gods and he offered Jews two options: conversion or death. On the 25th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev in 168 B.C.E., the Temple was renamed for the Greek god Zeus. A resistance movement— led by a priestly family known as the Hasmoneans, or Maccabees—developed against the cruelty of Antiochus. The head of the family was Mattathias, an elderly man. His son, Judah, became the chief strategist and military leader of the resistance. Though outnumbered, Judah Maccabee and his fighters miraculously won two major battles, routing the Syrians decisively. Although historians debate the causes and outcomes of the war in which Judah Maccabee and his followers defeated the Syrian armies of Antiochus, there is no doubt that Hanukkah evokes stirring images of Jewish valor against overwhelming odds. Other themes rooted in the observance of the holiday include the refusal to submit to the religious demands of an empire practicing idolatry, the struggle against total assimilation into Hellenistic culture and loss of Jewish identity, and the fight for Jewish political autonomy and self-determination. Hanukkah, which means “dedication,” is the festival that commemorates the purification and rededication of the Temple following the defilement caused by the Greeks during their occupation of that holy place. Today, the holiday reminds Jews to rededicate themselves to stand against forces that would destroy Judaism and to keep alive the flame of Jewish religion, culture, and peoplehood so that it may be passed on to the next generation. Originally, the eight-day holiday was intended to parallel the eight-day festival of Sukkot. The Books of the Maccabees made no mention of the legend concerning a small jar of oil that unexpectedly lasted for eight days. Only centuries after the Maccabees’ defeat of the Syrians did the story of the jar of oil—which has come to be a part of Hanukkah—appear in the Talmud. According to the legend, when the Maccabees entered the Temple and began to reclaim it from the Greeks, they immediately relit the ner tamid (eternal light), which burned constantly in the Temple and has a parallel in our synagogues to this day. In the Temple, they found a single jar of oil, which was sufficient for only one day. The messenger who was sent to secure additional oil took eight days to complete his mission, and miraculously, the single jar of oil continued to burn until his return. The rabbis of the Talmud attributed the eight days of Hanukkah to the miracle of this single jar of oil. Although the practice of lighting the menorah was common throughout much of the 19th century, North American Jews tended to neglect most of the other traditions and practices associated with the holiday. By the 1920s, however, Jews increasingly added gift-giving to their Hanukkah celebrations, prompting Christians to refer to Hanukkah as the "Jewish Christmas." Like many aspects of Jewish religious practice, the transformation of Hanukkah was linked to the growth of North American Jewry within its unique environment. The elevation of Hanukkah to a major holiday was the result of Jews acculturating themselves to a North America that was overwhelmingly Christian in population and symbols. Although Hanukkah had become an important holiday among North American Jews by the 1920s, it would be incorrect to regard it as an imitation of Christmas with an emphasis on the exchange of presents. Rather, North American Jews use this holiday as a celebration of family, reinforcing Jewish identity in a place whose population may be overwhelmingly Christian but in which Jews feel at home. Hanukkah, therefore, is a means for North American Jews to feel a kinship with their neighbors, while simultaneously asserting their Jewish distinctiveness.
  4. Thanksgiving Day

    Thanksgiving Day, annual national holiday in the United States and Canada celebrating the harvest and other blessings of the past year. Americans generally believe that their Thanksgiving is modeled on a 1621 harvest feast shared by the English colonists (Pilgrims) of Plymouth and the Wampanoag Indians. The American holiday is particularly rich in legend and symbolism. Spectators are showered with confetti during the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City. Joseph Sohm—ChromoSohm Inc./Corbis Plymouth’s Thanksgiving began with a few colonists going out “fowling,” possibly for s but more probably for the easier prey of geese and ducks, since they “in one day killed as much as…served the company almost a week.” Next, 90 or so Wampanoag made a surprise appearance at the settlement’s gate, doubtlessly unnerving the 50 or so colonists. Nevertheless, over the next few days the two groups socialized without incident. The Wampanoag contributed venison to the feast, which included the fowl and probably fish, eels, shellfish, stews, vegetables, and alcohol. Since Plymouth had few buildings and manufactured goods, most people ate outside while sitting on the ground or on barrels with plates on their laps. The men fired guns, ran races, and drank liquor, struggling to speak in broken English and Wampanoag. This was a rather disorderly affair, but it sealed a treaty between the two groups that lasted until King Philip’s War (1675–76), in which hundreds of colonists and thousands of Indians lost their lives. The New England colonists were accustomed to regularly celebrating “Thanksgivings,” days of prayer thanking God for blessings such as military victory or the end of a drought. The U.S. Continental Congress proclaimed a national Thanksgiving upon the enactment of the Constitution, for example. Yet, after 1798, the new U.S. Congress left Thanksgiving declarations to the states; some objected to the national government’s involvement in a religious observance, Southerners were slow to adopt a New England custom, and others took offense over the day’s being used to hold partisan speeches and parades. A national Thanksgiving Day seemed more like a lightning rod for controversy than a unifying force. Thanksgiving Day did not become an official holiday until Northerners dominated the federal government. While sectional tensions prevailed in the mid-19th century, the editor of the popular magazine Godey’s Lady’s Book, Sarah Josepha Hale, campaigned for a national Thanksgiving Day to promote unity. She finally won the support of President Abraham Lincoln. On October 3, 1863, during the Civil War, Lincoln proclaimed a national day of thanksgiving to be celebrated on Thursday, November 26. The holiday was annually proclaimed by every president thereafter, and the date chosen, with few exceptions, was the last Thursday in November. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, however, attempted to extend the Christmas shopping season, which generally begins with the Thanksgiving holiday, and to boost the economy by moving the date back a week, to the third week in November. But not all states complied, and, after a joint resolution of Congress in 1941, Roosevelt issued a proclamation in 1942 designating the fourth Thursday in November (which is not always the last Thursday) as Thanksgiving Day. As the country became more urban and family members began to live farther apart, Thanksgiving became a time to gather together. The holiday moved away from its religious roots to allow immigrants of every background to participate in a common tradition. Thanksgiving Day football games, beginning with Yale versus Princeton in 1876, enabled fans to add some rowdiness to the holiday. In the late 1800s parades of costumed revelers became common. In 1920 Gimbel’s department store in Philadelphia staged a parade of about 50 people with Santa Claus at the rear of the procession. Since 1924 the annual Macy’s parade in New York City has continued the tradition, with huge balloons since 1927. The holiday associated with Pilgrims and Native Americans has come to symbolize intercultural peace, America’s opportunity for newcomers, and the sanctity of home and family. Days of thanksgiving in Canada also originated in the colonial period, arising from the same European traditions, in gratitude for safe journeys, peace, and bountiful harvests. The earliest celebration was held in 1578, when an expedition led by Martin Frobisher held a ceremony in present-day Nunavut to give thanks for the safety of its fleet. In 1879 Parliament established a national Thanksgiving Day on November 6; the date has varied over the years. Since 1957 Thanksgiving Day has been celebrated in Canada on the second Monday in October.
  5. June 6, 2016 • Contributed by Lisa Lerner, MSW, LCSW Trauma is defined as an injury, either physical or emotional, which can lead a person to experience psychological, physiological, and emotional distress. This distress can manifest in our thoughts, emotional experiences, and body sensations. When these symptoms persist, this sometimes leads to the development of posttraumatic stress, also known as PTSD. Posttraumatic stress is a condition that can significantly affect a person’s ability to enjoy life, relate with others, and function normally. Signs of Posttraumatic Stress Posttraumatic stress can manifest as frequent fearfulness, persistent unwanted thoughts such as flashbacks and nightmares, and avoidance of certain people, situations, or stimuli. Individuals with PTSD often describe feeling outside of their body, “disconnected” from themselves and others and often experiencing a sense of “meaninglessness.” PTSD can originate from a single traumatic incident or from chronic traumatic stressors experienced over the course of a lifetime. These traumas can include, among other things, abandonment or a lack of nurturance from key attachment figures. Commonly held beliefs by a person experiencing PTSD are “It was my fault” or “I am unsafe” to more defective beliefs, such as “I am unlovable” or “I am incapable.” Find a Therapist for Trauma / PTSD Advanced Search It is important to know that while these beliefs are deeply ingrained and painful, each of us holds the capacity to heal. With proper treatment, one can process through these traumatic memories, connect with strengths and resources, and allow healing to take place. Shifting a Negative Memory into a Positive One Given that PTSD generally has to do with negative memories leading to negative emotional experiences, the best immediate antidote when experiencing emotional distress is to bring up or “install” a positive memory. Installing positive memories refers to a person’s ability to intentionally generate a positive memory and allow it to shift their present emotional state. When done correctly, doing so can effectively alter a negative emotion into a positive one. To do this, think of a memory that brings up a feeling of warmth or safety. What image comes to mind? What can you see, smell, taste, hear, or feel? When you think about this positive memory, what do you believe about yourself? How does this memory make you feel? Where do you experience that positive feeling in your body? Bring up all of those details and allow yourself to experience the positive experiences related to this memory. Other things to do when triggered: Sniff an aroma. Do you have a favorite aroma? Eucalyptus, rosemary, lavender, maybe one of your favorite herbs? Take a sniff. Notice any shift in your affect? Aromas are an easy and immediate way to shift negative affect. A pleasant aroma activates the limbic system, stimulating a deep-seated positive emotional response. Chew a candy. Have you ever noticed that your mouth gets dry when you get distressed? This has to do with the sympathetic nervous system, also known as the natural stress response. Sucking a candy is an effective way to generate saliva, stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system. This can also be done by chewing gum, drinking water, or just by generating saliva. Notice two objects in the room. Have you ever noticed that when you get triggered, you respond disproportionately to the situation? When we get triggered, we are mentally and emotionally responding in a way that is more related to our past than our present. When you notice this start to happen, look around the room and bring your attention to two physical objects in the space. Just notice these two objects. Shifting your attention to the space will bring your awareness back to your present orientation. This is a hallmark of mindfulness. Carry an anchoring object. Do you have a person who represents a quality of nurturance, protectiveness, or wisdom? Do you have an object or symbol that represents something meaningful? A picture, a rosary, a favorite quote, or a piece of jewelry? These things are resources and strengths to utilize when overcoming PTSD. Carrying or holding an anchoring object can help bring the positive emotions related to these resources into your current emotional state. © Copyright 2016 GoodTherapy.org. All rights reserved. Permission to publish granted by Lisa Lerner, LCSW, therapist in New York City, New York
  6. Hello @Detour12, Welcome to Depression Forums. First of all, we do not condone drinking here at DF. Ever. Drinking will only make your depression worse. Booze is a depressant! This particular Forum is not a Q&A for your problems and I will move it to the proper forum which will be **A Special Forum to Welcome our 'NEW MEMBERS'!!** You can go into the Cymbalta Forum with different Questions to members about Cymbalta as well as look around at all the Forums that will interest you. There is a plethora of articles and members posts that will help you as well as members who will give you so much support in your moment of need. Members Needing Extra Support Forum is a good place to start as well as Depression Central. I wish you well and NO drinking! ~Lindsay
  7. Labor Day

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    Rosie the Riveter: A True Symbol of Labor Categories: JAG File | Tags: Geraldine Hoff, J. Howard Miller, Labor Day, Norman Rockwell, Rosie the Riveter, We Can Do It, WWII September 3, 2015 | John Adams-Graf | Comments: 0 0 Labor Day is one of those days when the original meaning is lost in a mix of smoke from grills, exhaust from millions of cars as Americans scramble to enjoy one last day before “summer ends.” This clamor to enjoy ourselves, however, sometimes relegates the significance of Federal holidays to the background. LABOR DAY: WHAT DOES IT MEAN? The first Monday in September, Labor Day is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country. Through the years, our Nation has placed an increasing emphasis to Labor Day. The first governmental recognition came through municipal ordinances passed during 1885 and 1886. From these, a movement developed to secure state legislation. The first state bill was introduced into the New York legislature, but the first to become law was passed by Oregon on February 21, 1887. That same year, four more states – Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York – created the Labor Day holiday by legislative enactment. By the end of the decade Connecticut, Nebraska, and Pennsylvania had followed suit. By 1894, 23 other states had adopted the holiday in honor of workers, and on June 28 of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the territories. The form that the observance and celebration of Labor Day should take was outlined in the first proposal of the holiday – a street parade to exhibit to the public “the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations” of the community, followed by a festival for the recreation and amusement of the workers and their families. This became the pattern for the celebrations of Labor Day. Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was placed upon the economic and civic significance of the holiday. Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement. Rosie: A True Labor Icon She wasn’t the original Rosie, but the 17-year-old Geraldine Hoff Doyle has come to symbolize her. She was working at a metal factory in Ann Arbor, Michigan when a visiting United Press International photographer snapped a picture of her on the job. Artist J. Howard Miller used the photograph as the basis for his “We Can Do It!” poster. Though she was never represented as “Rosie the Riveter, as the Washington Post writes, “For millions of Americans throughout the decades since World War II, the stunning brunette in the red and white polka-dot bandanna was Rosie the Riveter.” Geraldine Hoff Doyle, the inspiration for for this poster, died in 2015 at the age of 86. From scan of copy belonging to the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, retrieved from the website of the Virginia Historical Society. “We Can Do It!” proclaimed by a defiant, strong woman with her sleeves rolled up and scarf over her hair is recognized throughout the world as “Rosie the Riveter.” The image of the indefatigable woman willing to take up the labor vacated by hundreds of thousands of men who had gone to war became a national symbol during WWII. But, as recognizable as Rosie was then-and remains today-that woman isn’t the original Rosie the Riveter. The term “Rosie the Riveter” was first used in 1942 in a song of the same name written by Redd Evans and John Jacob Loeb. Numerous artists recorded the song, including the popular big band leader Kay Kyser. The song portrays “Rosie” as a tireless assembly line worker, who earned a “Production E” award doing her part to help the American war effort. The song became a nationwide hit. Inspiration for the duo’s character probably drew on Veronica Foster, Canada’s poster girl for women participating in the war effort. The Canadians dubbed Foster, “Ronnie the Bren Gun Girl.” As the War raged in Europe and the Pacific, the song “Rosie the Riveter” filled radio waves across the home front. Manufacturing giant Westinghouse commissioned Pittsburgh artist J. Howard Miller to make a series of posters to promote the war effort. One such poster featured the image of a woman with her hair wrapped up in a red polka-dot scarf, rolling up her sleeve and flexing her bicep. At the top of the poster, the words ‘We Can Do It!’ were printed in a blue caption bubble. Miller is thought to have based the poster on a UPI wire service photograph of Geraldine Hoff, a 17-year-old working as a metal-stamping operator. Norman Rockwell painted “Rosie the Riveter” that was used on a 1943 cover of the Saturday Evening Post. Rockwell’s subject featured a lunch box with the name “Rosie” painted on it. Westinghouse’s intent was to use the series of posters to boost morale and keep production high-not recruit more women workers. The manufacturing giant showed it to employees in the Midwest for a two-week period in February 1943–then it disappeared for nearly four decades! In fact, the name “Rosie” was not associated with the original image. It was during the 1980s when it was rediscovered and associated with feminism did it mistakenly taken on the label, “Rosie the Riveter.” Some believe the inspiration for the hit song, “Rosie the Rivter,” was Veronica Foster, popularly known in Canada as “Ronnie, the Bren Gun Girl.” Foster worked for John Inglis Co. Ltd producing Bren light machine guns on a production line on Strachan Avenue in Toronto, Ontario. However, in 1943, Norman Rockwell did create an image of “Rosie” for the cover of the Saturday Evening Post on May 29, 1943–the Memorial Day issue (not a Labor Day-related effort!). The muscular woman wearing overalls, goggles and pins of honor on her lapel. sports a leather wrist band and rolled-up sleeves. Rockwell’s original sat with a riveting tool in her lap, eating a sandwich. “Rosie” was inscribed on her lunch pail. The original Rosie was painted stepping on a copy of Adolph Hitler’s book Mein Kampf. Reader quickly recognized this to be “Rosie the Riveter” from the familiar song. Rockwell had based the pose of his Rosie on that of Michelangelo’s 1509 Sistine Chapel ceiling image of the prophet Isaiah. The model was a Vermont resident, 19-year-old Mary Doyle, who was a telephone operator near where Rockwell lived, not a riveter. Doyle posed twice for Rockwell’s photographer, Gene Pelham, as Rockwell preferred to work from still images rather than live models. The Post‘s cover image proved hugely popular. Stories about real life “Rosies” began appearing in newspapers across the country. The government took advantage of the popularity of “Rosie the Riveter” and embarked on a recruiting campaign of the same name, and the magazine loaned the to the U.S. Treasury Department for use in war bond drives. The campaign brought millions of women out of the home and into the workforce. After the war the Rockwell “Rosie” was seen less and less because of a general policy of vigorous copyright protection by the Rockwell estate. In 2002, the original painting sold at Sotheby’s for nearly $5 million. In June 2009, the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art in Bentonville, Arkansas acquired Norman Rockwell’s iconic Rosie the Riveter painting for its permanent collection from a private collector. But while Rockwell’s image actually depicted a character named “Rosie the Riveter,” the J. Howard Miller “We Can Do It!” image has replaced it in the public’s mind as the “real” Rosie. Miller’s Rosie has been imprinted on coffee mugs, mouse pads, and countless other items, making her-and not the original “Rosie”-the most famous of all labor icons. Preserve the Memories, John Adams-Graf Editor, Military Trader and Military Vehicles Magazine
  8. Forth Of July

    Forth Of July Variously known as the Fourth of July and Independence Day, July 4th has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1941, but the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution (1775-83). In June 1776, representatives of the 13 colonies then fighting in the revolutionary struggle weighed a resolution that would declare their independence from Great Britain. On July 2nd, the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence, and two days later its delegates adopted the Declaration of Independence, a historic document drafted by Thomas Jefferson. From 1776 until the present day, July 4th has been celebrated as the birth of American independence, with typical festivities ranging from fireworks, parades and concerts to more casual family gatherings and barbecues. The Birth of American Independence When the initial battles in the Revolutionary War broke out in April 1775, few colonists desired complete independence from Great Britain, and those who did were considered radical. By the middle of the following year, however, many more colonists had come to favor independence, thanks to growing hostility against Britain and the spread of revolutionary sentiments such as those expressed in Thomas Paine’s bestselling pamphlet “Common Sense,” published in early 1776. On June 7, when the Continental Congress met at the Pennsylvania State House (later Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, the Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee introduced a motion calling for the colonies’ independence. Amid heated debate, Congress postponed the vote on Lee’s resolution, but appointed a five-man committee–including Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania and Robert R. Livingston of New York–to draft a formal statement justifying the break with Great Britain. Did You Know? John Adams believed that July 2nd was the correct date on which to celebrate the birth of American independence, and would reportedly turn down invitations to appear at July 4th events in protest. Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died on July 4, 1826--the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. On July 2nd, the Continental Congress voted in favor of Lee’s resolution for independence in a near-unanimous vote (the New York delegation abstained, but later voted affirmatively). On that day, John Adams wrote to his wife Abigail that July 2 “will be celebrated, by succeeding Generations, as the great anniversary Festival” and that the celebration should include “Pomp and Parade…Games, Sports, Guns, Bells, Bonfires and Illuminations from one End of this Continent to the other.” On July 4th, the Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence, which had been written largely by Jefferson. Though the vote for actual independence took place on July 2nd, from then on the 4th became the day that was celebrated as the birth of American independence. Early Fourth of July Celebrations In the pre-Revolutionary years, colonists had held annual celebrations of the king’s birthday, which traditionally included the ringing of bells, bonfires, processions and speechmaking. By contrast, during the summer of 1776 some colonists celebrated the birth of independence by holding mock funerals for King George III, as a way of symbolizing the end of the monarchy’s hold on America and the triumph of liberty. Festivities including concerts, bonfires, parades and the firing of cannons and muskets usually accompanied the first public readings of the Declaration of Independence, beginning immediately after its adoption. Philadelphia held the first annual commemoration of independence on July 4, 1777, while Congress was still occupied with the ongoing war. George Washington issued double rations of rum to all his soldiers to mark the anniversary of independence in 1778, and in 1781, several months before the key American victory at Yorktown, Massachusetts became the first state to make July 4th an official state holiday. After the Revolutionary War, Americans continued to commemorate Independence Day every year, in celebrations that allowed the new nation’s emerging political leaders to address citizens and create a feeling of unity. By the last decade of the 18th century, the two major political parties–Federalists and Democratic-Republicans–that had arisen began holding separate Independence Day celebrations in many large cities. July 4th Becomes A National Holiday The tradition of patriotic celebration became even more widespread after the War of 1812, in which the United States again faced Great Britain. In 1870, the U.S. Congress made July 4th a federal holiday; in 1941, the provision was expanded to grant a paid holiday to all federal employees. Over the years, the political importance of the holiday would decline, but Independence Day remained an important national holiday and a symbol of patriotism. Falling in mid-summer, the Fourth of July has since the late 19th century become a major focus of leisure activities and a common occasion for family get-togethers, often involving fireworks and outdoor barbecues. The most common symbol of the holiday is the American flag, and a common musical accompaniment is “The Star-Spangled Banner,” the national anthem of the United States.
  9. Welcome Trev! You will find much support, caring and information here on Depression Forums and a plethora of information on what your going through! You will develop friendships and suggestions on what to do, where to go and how to handle everything that is going through your mind. There are many, many forums to look at, but just pick a few that you can relate to to start with. Take a look around. We are here for you, you are not alone. Take very good care of you! Hugs, ~Lindsay
  10. moclobemide (Oral route) moe-KLOE-be-mide Available Dosage Forms: Tablet Therapeutic Class: Antidepressant Pharmacologic Class: Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor, Type A Uses For moclobemide Moclobemide is a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor used to treat certain types of mental depression. It works by blocking the action of a chemical substance known as monoamine oxidase (MAO) in the nervous system. Although moclobemide is very effective for certain patients, it may also cause some unwanted reactions if taken the wrong way. It is very important to avoid certain beverages and medicines while you are using moclobemide. Your doctor may provide a list as a reminder of which products you should avoid. moclobemide is available only with your doctor's prescription. Before Using moclobemide In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For moclobemide, the following should be considered: Allergies Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to moclobemide or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully. Pediatric Studies on moclobemide have been done only in adult patients, and there is no specific information comparing use of moclobemide in children with use in other age groups. Geriatric Older adults are especially sensitive to the effects of moclobemide. This may increase the chance of side effects during treatment. Dizziness or lightheadedness may be especially likely to occur in elderly patients, who are usually more sensitive than younger adults to these effects. Interactions with Medicines Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking moclobemide, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive. Using moclobemide with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take. Amitriptyline Amoxapine Amphetamine Apraclonidine Atomoxetine Benzphetamine Brimonidine Bupropion Carbamazepine Carbidopa Carbinoxamine Citalopram Clomipramine Cyclobenzaprine Cyproheptadine Desipramine Desvenlafaxine Dexfenfluramine Dexmethylphenidate Dextroamphetamine Dextromethorphan Diethylpropion Dothiepin Doxepin Doxylamine Escitalopram Fenfluramine Fluoxetine Fluvoxamine Guanadrel Guanethidine Hydroxytryptophan Imipramine Isometheptene Levodopa Levomethadyl Levomilnacipran Lisdexamfetamine Lofepramine Maprotiline Mazindol Meperidine Methadone Methamphetamine Methotrimeprazine Methyldopa Methylphenidate Milnacipran Mirtazapine Nefopam Nortriptyline Opipramol Paroxetine Phendimetrazine Phenmetrazine Phentermine Phenylalanine Protriptyline Pseudoephedrine Reserpine Safinamide Selegiline Sertraline Sibutramine Sumatriptan Tapentadol Tetrabenazine Trazodone Trimipramine Tryptophan Venlafaxine Vilazodone Vortioxetine Using moclobemide with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines. Albuterol Altretamine Arformoterol Avocado Bambuterol Bitter Orange Buspirone Cilostazol Clenbuterol Clovoxamine Colterol Difenoxin Diphenoxylate Dolasetron Droperidol Ethchlorvynol Femoxetine Fenoterol Fentanyl Formoterol Frovatriptan Granisetron Guarana Hexoprenaline Hydrocodone Hydromorphone Indacaterol Iobenguane I 123 Isoetharine Kava Levalbuterol Licorice Ma Huang Mate Metaproterenol Morphine Morphine Sulfate Liposome Naratriptan Nefazodone Olodaterol Oxycodone Palonosetron Pirbuterol Procaterol Reboxetine Reproterol Ritodrine Salmeterol St John's Wort Terbutaline Tramadol Tretoquinol Tulobuterol Tyrosine Vilanterol Ziprasidone Using moclobemide with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines. Acarbose Albiglutide Alogliptin Bromocriptine Canagliflozin Chlorpropamide Dapagliflozin Dulaglutide Empagliflozin Exenatide Ginseng Glimepiride Glipizide Glyburide Insulin Insulin Aspart, Recombinant Insulin Bovine Insulin Degludec Insulin Detemir Insulin Glulisine Insulin Lispro, Recombinant Linagliptin Liraglutide Lixisenatide Metformin Miglitol Nateglinide Pioglitazone Pramlintide Repaglinide Rosiglitazone Saxagliptin Sitagliptin Tolazamide Tolbutamide Vildagliptin Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco. Other Medical Problems The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of moclobemide. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially: Hypertension—May make this condition worse. Liver disease—Effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body. Proper Use of moclobemide Ask your doctor about any changes you should make to your diet. Do not drink excessive amounts of alcohol while you are taking moclobemide. Sometimes moclobemide must be taken for several weeks before you begin to feel better. Your doctor should check your progress at regular visits, especially during the first few months of treatment, to make sure that moclobemide is working properly and to check for unwanted effects. Take moclobemide only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. Moclobemide should be taken after a meal. However, if your doctor tells you to take the medicine a certain way, take it exactly as directed. Dosing The dose of moclobemide will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of moclobemide. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so. The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine. For oral dosage form (tablets): For treatment of depression: Adults—At first, 150 milligrams (mg) two times a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed. However, the total daily dose is usually not more than 600 mg. Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor. Missed Dose If you miss a dose of moclobemide, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses. Storage Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing. Keep out of the reach of children. Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed. Precautions While Using moclobemide When taken with certain drinks or other medicines, moclobemide and other monoamine oxidase inhibitors can cause very dangerous reactions, such as sudden high blood pressure (also called hypertensive crisis). To avoid such reactions, follow these rules of caution: Do not drink excessive amounts of alcohol. Do not take any other medicine unless approved or prescribed by your doctor. This especially includes nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine, such as medicine for colds (including nose drops or sprays), cough, hay fever, and appetite control; "stay awake" products; or products that make you sleepy. Check with your doctor immediately if you experience any combination of the following symptoms: severe, throbbing headache that starts at the back of the head and radiates forward; stiff neck; fast or racing heartbeat; pounding, irregular, or slow heartbeat. These may be symptoms of a serious side effect that should have a doctor's attention. Do not stop taking moclobemide without first checking with your doctor. Your doctor may want you to gradually reduce the amount you are using before stopping it completely. Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur, especially when you get up from a lying or sitting position suddenly. Getting up slowly may help. When you get up from lying down, sit on the edge of the bed with your feet dangling for 1 or 2 minutes, then stand up slowly. If the problem continues or gets worse, check with your doctor. moclobemide may cause blurred vision or make some people drowsy or less alert than they are normally. Make sure you know how you react to moclobemide before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are unable to see well or are not alert. Before having any kind of surgery, dental treatment, or emergency treatment, tell the medical doctor or dentist in charge that you are using moclobemide or have used it within the past 2 weeks. Taking moclobemide together with medicines that are used during surgery, dental, or emergency treatments may increase the risk of serious side effects. After you stop using moclobemide, you must continue to exercise caution for at least 2 weeks with your foods, drinks, and other medicines, since these items may continue to react with moclobemide. moclobemide Side Effects Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Stop taking moclobemide and get emergency help immediately if any of the following effects occur: Fast or racing heartbeat pounding or irregular heartbeat neck stiffness severe throbbing headache which starts at the back of the head and radiates forward slow heartbeat Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: More common Mild to moderate headache, or pressure in the head Less common Anxiety blurred vision or other changes in vision dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness, especially when getting up from a sitting or lying position suddenly fast or racing heartbeat high blood pressure irritability nervousness pounding or irregular heartbeat restlessness unusual tiredness or weakness Rare Aggressive behavior bleeding gums burning, P**kling, or tingling sensations chest pain confusion increased depression, or other mood and mental changes difficulty with speaking fast, slow, or irregular heart beat feeling of something in the eye general feeling of illness headache (severe) increase in urination increased sensitivity of eyes to light irregular or prolonged menstrual periods irritation or soreness of the mouth itching, redness, and swelling of the eye loss of balance control loss of interest in self or surroundings memory problems pain or straining to pass urine or stool painful urination restlessness or desire to keep moving ringing or noise in the ears seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there skin rash, hives, or itching stomach pain or burning slow heartbeat troubled breathing twisting movements of body uncontrolled movements, especially of the face, neck, and back Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur: Symptoms of overdose Agitation confusion convulsions (seizures) decreased reflexes extreme drowsiness high blood pressure loss of memory nausea slurred speech vomiting Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them: More common Dryness of mouth trembling or shaking of arms or legs Less common or rare Abdominal or stomach pain or discomfort change in your sense of taste constipation diarrhea dizziness drowsiness feeling of warmth of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally upper chest heartburn or indigestion increased or decreased appetite increased sweating joint or muscle pain nightmares trouble sleeping. Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
  11. The Dangers of Abruptly Stopping Antidepressants Written by Kimberly Holland and Valencia Higuera Feeling better? Think you’re ready to stop taking your antidepressant? Don’t. It may seem like you no longer need the medication, but in most cases it is contributing to a happier state of mind. That’s why it’s important you stick with the treatment prescribed by your doctor. If you think you’re ready to stop taking an antidepressant, ask your doctor to create a plan of action that can help your body slowly adjust to being without the medicine. Antidepressants help balance brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. These brain chemicals affect your mood and emotions. An imbalance can cause major depression or anxiety disorders. Antidepressants correct this imbalance, but it can take four weeks or more to notice any improvement. Source: Medically Reviewed by George Krucik, MD, MBA on May 14, 2015 If you feel like stopping your medicine because of bothersome side effects, remember that finding the right treatment often takes a lot of trial and error and some tweaking. Don’t stop taking the medicine until you have spoken with your doctor. It might seem like you don’t need the medication anymore, but if you stop taking your antidepressant the medicine will leave your body and your symptoms might return. Quitting without consulting your doctor can be dangerous — even deadly. It can also trigger potential side effects, including withdrawal and relapse. If you relapse and start taking an antidepressant again, it can take weeks for the drug to re-balance your moods. Side Effects of Quitting Medication Quitting “cold turkey” may cause major withdrawal symptoms. A sudden drop of your medicine may also worsen your depression, send your symptoms on a downward spiral, or set your treatment back several weeks or months. Here are some possible effects of quitting your medication suddenly: You get sick. Antidepressant discontinuation syndrome, also called antidepressant withdrawal, occurs when a person abruptly quits antidepressants. Many people who experience antidepressant withdrawal feel like they have the flu or a stomach bug. They may also experience disturbing mental thoughts or images. You set back your treatment. Untreated depression can set back your treatment plan. It can also extend a depressive episode, make relapse more likely, or cause a worsening of the disease. You contemplate suicide. Not being properly medicated may increase your risk of suicidal thoughts — and increases the risk that you’ll act on those thoughts. Ninety percent of people who commit suicide are depressed or have another mental health disorder, says the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. Other conditions get worse. Stopping an antidepressant might worsen other conditions you have, such as chronic headaches, chronic pain, or insomnia. Additionally, untreated depression can make it harder to treat some conditions. Since your doctor has balanced your antidepressant prescription with any other medications you’re taking, stopping the antidepressant can negatively affect this balance. Additional side effects or complications may result. Other symptoms of antidepressant withdrawal include: anxiety fatigue nightmares trouble sleeping depression and mood swings loss of coordination muscle spasms dizziness difficulty balancing nausea vomiting flu-like symptoms headache Antidepressants and Pregnancy Just found out you’re pregnant? That’s no excuse to stop taking your antidepressants. According to the Mayo Clinic, women who stop taking antidepressants while pregnant are more likely to suffer a relapse during pregnancy than women who continue taking their prescribed medication. Let your doctor know about your change in circumstances. They may decide to take you off your medication or lower the dosage. You can also take a different antidepressant, one that’s safer for pregnant women. Talk to Your Doctor The best way to stop taking your antidepressant is to slowly taper yourself from the medication under a doctor’s supervision. This involves slowly lowering the daily dose of medication until you are completely off the drug. Improving your overall physical and mental health can help you come off an antidepressant with few complications. Talk to your healthcare provider about incorporating these lifestyle changes: exercise meditation getting plenty of rest not abusing alcohol and drugs eating healthy, balanced meals reducing stress No two people will respond to quitting antidepressants in the same way. Doctors have no way of knowing who will have withdrawal symptoms and who won’t. Antidepressants help return a balance to mood-influencing chemicals in the brain. Some people will respond poorly to the rapid change in chemicals, while others will show almost no response. Talk with your doctor and don’t gamble on your health and wellness.
  12. Never go cold turkey off meds like this member suggested! You could seriously hurt yourself. *See pinned topic. ~Lindsay
  13. Up to 45 percent of antidepressant prescriptions are for another condition entirely. 05/27/2016 02:37 pm ET Anna Almendrala Senior Healthy Living Editor There’s been a lot of concern over the “skyrocketing” use of antidepressants over the last 20 years. Many experts believe that these rising numbers indicate either higher depression rates or an over-diagnosis of mental illness. But there is at least one more factor, courtesy of a new study published in the journal JAMA: An increasing number of people are taking antidepressant medications for completely separate conditions, according to an analysis of nine years of prescription data in Quebec, Canada. Only about 55 percent of antidepressant prescriptions were written to alleviate depression symptoms, while the rest were written for a wide variety of other conditions that aren’t related to depression. Some of these were prescribed in what’s known as “off-label” use — when a medicine is prescribed to treat a condition for which it wasn’t officially approved, or when a medicine is taken in a different dose or method than the manufacturers originally intended. While using medications for unapproved conditions is common and perfectly safe under the care of a doctor, the increasing rate of off-label antidepressant use is an important reminder for experts not to assume that patients who are taking antidepressants have depression, said lead study author Jenna Wong, a PhD student with the department of epidemiology and biostatistics at McGill University in Montreal. Other reasons people take antidepressants We’ve known for a while that there are an increasing number of reasons to use antidepressants off-label, but Wong’s study is among the first to break down the most common reasons by percentage. Wong and her colleagues analyzed over 100,000 antidepressant prescriptions written from 2006 to 2015 for approximately 20,000 patients in prescription databases in Quebec. These databases are unique because they contain a field that allows the doctor explain why the medication is being prescribed — a feature Wong says should spread to more prescription databases. Though the study data came from Canada, off-label use was determined using both Health Canada and U.S. Food and Drug Administration classifications. The FDA has given approval for antidepressant use in treating some of the other conditions, but interestingly, doctors also prescribed antidepressants for conditions which are off-label for all antidepressants as a class. In all, 29 percent of antidepressant prescriptions were prescribed for off-label use, Wong notes. Here are the most common alternate uses: 1. Anxiety Certain classes of antidepressants are FDA-approved for anxiety disorder treatment. And Wong found that 18.5 percent of antidepressant prescriptions were in fact written to address anxiety, instead. 2. Insomnia About 10 percent of prescriptions were written to address insomnia. People with insomnia have a ten-fold risk of developing depression, while insomnia or other sleep problems are a common symptom in people with depression. That’s why they sometimes share the same treatment, notes the Sleep Foundation. Doctors in Wong’s study tended to prescribe mostly off-label antidepressants for insomnia and pain; though there is one FDA-approved antidepressant for insomnia, about 97 percent of the prescriptions written for insomnia were off-label. 3. Pain The Mayo Clinic calls antidepressants a “mainstay” in chronic pain treatment for their ability to dull the perception of pain — an ability that is not fully understood by researchers. Pain disorders made up six percent of the antidepressant prescriptions in Wong’s study. A few antidepressants are FDA-approved to help alleviate chronic pain, but 83 percent of the antidepressants prescribed for pain were off-label, according to Wong’s analysis. 4. Panic disorders Four percent of antidepressant prescriptions were indicated for panic disorder, which includes agoraphobia, social phobia and widespread anxiety and can lead to physical symptoms like a racing heart rate, trembling, chest pain and shortness of breath. The American Academy of Family Physicians notes that antidepressant medication can alleviate some of these symptoms and can even stop the recurrence of panic attacks. Several antidepressants are FDA-approved for treating panic attacks. 5. Fibromyalgia The treatment of fibromyalgia, a disorder with symptoms like musculoskeletal pain, fatigue and sleep issues, made up 1.5 percent of antidepressant descriptions. Antidepressants can help with the pain and fatigue that fibromyalgia can cause, the Mayo Clinic notes, and some of them are approved by the FDA for treatment of the condition. 6. Migraine Migraines, which are severe headaches that can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and what’s known as “aura” (dizziness, visual hallucinations and light sensitivity), can sometimes be treated with a certain class of antidepressant known as a tricyclic antidepressant. Using any antidepressant to treat migraines is an off-label use of the medication, but experts believe that it changes chemical levels in the brain, which in turn helps prevent migraines. Prescriptions for migraines made up 1.5 percent of the prescriptions in Wong’s study. 7. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder made up 1.1 percent of the prescriptions analyzed in Wong’s study. Several antidepressants have been approved by the FDA to treat OCD because it can help make symptoms more manageable. They are a first-line pharmaceutical treatment for the disorder, the Mayo Clinic notes. 8. Menopause symptoms Just 0.8 percent of the prescriptions in Wong’s study were written to address vasomotor symptoms of menopause like hot flashes or night sweats. Treating these menopausal symptoms are off-label use for all antidepressants, but recent research from 2014 has shown that taking antidepressants was more effective than a placebo at treating them. However, antidepressants did not outperform the standard of care for hot flashes and night sweats, which is estrogen supplements. Off-label use is perfectly safe While “off-label” use might seem alarming, the FDA notes that it can be an option when approved treatments don’t work, or when prescribed for people with conditions that don’t have an approved treatment. Many off-label uses are backed by scientific evidence from clinical trials, just not full government approval, as the list above demonstrates. Off-label drug use is also common in certain populations, especially among children, because most drugs prescribed to pediatric patients were never tested in children. This makes many pediatric prescriptions necessarily off-label. Why antidepressants are so commonly used for other conditions While she didn’t talk to doctors about why they prescribed so many antidepressants off-label, Wong’s team has two theories about why this is such a common application. The first is that pharmaceutical companies may be aware of clinical trials that test their drugs beyond approved use, and could be promoting and marketing the findings to doctors, Wong said. The second theory is that doctors are simply observing changes in their patients after they start taking certain medicines, and then applying these insights to other patients in their practices. Neither of those two drivers of off-label use are unique to Quebec or Canada, Wong concluded, which means that even though this database only has information about patients in Quebec, there’s no reason to think that this is a Quebec-only phenomenon. But her research does underscore the need for more experts to recognize that simply having an antidepressant prescription is not a proxy for a depression diagnosis or depression treatment. Wong also called for more research on the off-label uses of antidepressants. Source: HuffPost
  14. Memorial Day

    Memorial Day, an American holiday observed on the last Monday of May, honors men and women who died while serving in the U.S. military. Originally known as Decoration Day, it originated in the years following the Civil War and became an official federal holiday in 1971. Many Americans observe Memorial Day by visiting cemeteries or memorials, holding family gatherings and participating in parades. Unofficially, at least, it marks the beginning of summer. Each year on Memorial Day a national moment of remembrance takes place at 3:00 p.m. local time. It is unclear where exactly this tradition originated; numerous different communities may have independently initiated the memorial gatherings. Nevertheless, in 1966 the federal government declared Waterloo, New York, the official birthplace of Memorial Day. Waterloo—which had first celebrated the day on May 5, 1866—was chosen because it hosted an annual, community-wide event, during which businesses closed and residents decorated the graves of soldiers with flowers and flags. Decoration Day On May 5, 1862, General John A. Logan, leader of an organization for Northern Civil War veterans, called for a nationwide day of remembrance later that month. “The 30th of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers, or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village and hamlet churchyard in the land,” he proclaimed. The date of Decoration Day, as he called it, was chosen because it wasn’t the anniversary of any particular battle. On the first Decoration Day, General James Garfield made a speech at Arlington National Cemetery, and 5,000 participants decorated the graves of the 20,000 Union and Confederate soldiers buried there. Many Northern states held similar commemorative events and repriseed the tradition in subsequent years; by 1890 each one had made Decoration Day an official state holiday. Many Southern states, on the other hand, continued to honor their dead on separate days until after World War I. Evolution of Memorial Day http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/memorial-day-history/videos/history-of-memorial-day Memorial Day, as Decoration Day gradually came to be known, originally honored only those lost while fighting in the Civil War. But during World War I the United States found itself embroiled in another major conflict, and the holiday evolved to commemorate American military personnel who died in all wars. For decades, Memorial Day continued to be observed on May 30, the date Logan had selected for the first Decoration Day. But in 1968 Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which established Memorial Day as the last Monday in May in order to create a three-day weekend for federal employees; the change went into effect in 1971. The same law also declared Memorial Day a federal holiday. Memorial Day Traditions Cities and towns across the United States host Memorial Day parades each year, often incorporating military personnel and members of veterans’ organizations. Some of the largest parades take place in Chicago, New York and Washington, D.C. Americans also observe Memorial Day by visiting cemeteries and memorials. On a less somber note, many people throw parties and barbecues on the holiday, perhaps because it unofficially marks the beginning of summer.
  15. Good morning LGJ! I hope you have a wonderful day!