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Published By  Lindsay

Call Me Crazy 

Brittany Snow and Jason Ritter which premiered on
Lifetime Television on April 20. (Photo: Lifetime Television)

By Katrina Gay, NAMI Director of Communications

In April, Lifetime Television premiered Call Me Crazy, a series of interconnected short films that deal with the subject of mental illness. Through five short stories named after each title character—Lucy, Eddie, Allison, Grace and Maggie—powerful relationships built on hope and triumph give viewers a new understanding of what happens when a loved one struggles with mental illness.

The two-hour movie event aired on television on Sat., April 20. NAMI attended the premiere on April 16 in Los Angeles and was honored by the network for its work on behalf of individuals and families affected by mental illness. In addition, Lifetime presented NAMI with a generous contribution and a public service announcement titled It’s Time. The PSA features testimonials by many of the film’s talent, including Brittany Snow, Jennifer Hudson, Octavia Spencer, Ernie Hudson, Jean Smart, Melissa Leo and others, who all joined together to urge action and support for NAMI.

Other stars associated with the film included Jennifer Anniston, who served as one of the film’s executive producers, and Ashley Judd, who directed Maggie.

Read more...

Published By  Lindsay

But some experts still believe behavioral therapy can help the whole family

By Barbara Bronson Gray
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Many parents pursue costly and time-consuming treatments to help their children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Now, a new study finds little evidence that non-drug interventions reduce key symptoms of ADHD.

A multinational team of experts identified no positive effects from psychological treatments including mind exercises (cognitive training), neurofeedback and behavioral training (positive reinforcement). And the researchers discovered only small benefits associated with dietary treatments: supplementation with omega-3 and omega-6 free fatty acids, and elimination of artificial food coloring.

Still, parents shouldn't be discouraged, said study co-author Dr. Emily Simonoff.

"I think our findings allow a much more informed discussion than did previous work because we've been able to demonstrate that what we once thought worked is more limited and more questionable," said Simonoff, a professor of child and adolescent psychiatry at King's College London.

Read more...

Published By  Lindsay

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Psychiatrists are waking up to the world of sleep and behavior. Just as the biological revolution witnessed a collapse of barriers between the physical and the mental, so the boundary between sleep and wakefulness is crumbling. The emerging discipline of sleep medicine, baptized in the discovery of REM sleep in 1953 and by the characterization of sleep cycles a few years later, initially focused on adult physiology and sleep disorders.

 

Sleep, cognition, and behavior

Serious sleep problems usually imply either too much or too little sleep. Too little sleep can mean abbreviated sleep episodes, as might be imposed by external demands or by insomnia, or longer episodes punctuated by arousals that fragment sleep. Pilcher and Huffcutt1 examined the effects of prolonged sleep deprivation (more than 45 hours), brief sleep deprivation (45 hours or less), or partial sleep deprivation (less than 5 hours of sleep in a 24-hour period) on measures of cognitive and motor performance or mood. The overall performance decrement for all measures was 1.37 standard deviations (SDs). This is comparable to a drop in IQ from 100 to about 80. Under the conditions of partial sleep deprivation—not unlike a typical Monday morning for many of us—mood scores dropped by over 4 SDs.

Although children are not suitable subjects for such experiments, Sadeh and colleagues2 demonstrated that very modest changes in sleep duration can substantially affect the neurobehavioral function of children. His team monitored 77 fourth and sixth graders in regular classrooms with actigraphy for 5 nights. For the first 2 nights, children slept as usual; on the remaining 3 nights, they were asked to either extend or restrict their sleep time by 1 hour. Children who failed to change their sleep duration by at least 30 minutes were analyzed as “no change.” On a simple reaction time test, performance of both the sleep restriction and no-change groups deteriorated, whereas on measures of digit span and continuous reaction time, children in the extended-sleep group performed significantly better than the others.

Read more...

Published By  Forum Admin

By Faith Brynie, Ph.D.Created Jul 8 2012 - 11:17am

 

 

 

Findings from the first study directly examining gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) concentrations in the brains of children with ADHD were published last week in the Archives of General Psychiatry. In this new article researchers from the Kennedy Krieger Institute and Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center report finding significantly lower concentrations of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the cerebral cortexes of children diagnosed with ADHD, compared with typically developing children. GABA is the brain’s main inhibitory neurotransmitter. The differences were detected in the region of the brain that controls voluntary movement.The researchers used a relatively innovative and novel technique in which GABA is measured using Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS), reports Dr. Stewart Mostofsky, the study’s senior author and Director of the Laboratory for Neurocognitive and Imaging Research at Kennedy Krieger Institute. Similar to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), MRS uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce images of the brain. The researchers employed it to measure the GABA concentration in a 3 cm by 3 cm section of the primary sensory motor cortex part of the brain that controls the hand. The test revealed that GABA concentrations were significantly lower in the ADHD children, compared with typically developing children.

Mostofsky stressed that this is a preliminary study with a small number of subjects. Replication in a larger sample size will be important. But, if replicated, the finding could open doors for innovative treatment approaches targeting GABA transmission. “There are limitations to stimulant therapies currently in use. It’s important that we consider alternative therapies, and this research will provide a foundation for pursuing novel approaches to diagnosing and treating ADHD,” he says.

For more information:

Richard A. E. Edden, PhD; Deana Crocetti, PhD; He Zhu, PhD; Donald L. Gilbert, MD; Stewart H. Mostofsky, MD. “Reduced GABA Concentration in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.” Arch Gen Psychiatry, July, 2012;69(7):750-753.

 

 

Source URL: http://www.psychologytoday.com/node/100447

Published By  Lindsay

Helping Substance-Using Pregnant and Postpartum Women



In situations involving substance use by expectant women and postpartum mothers, there is often a sense that the interests of the mother are not aligned with the interests of the child. As a result, unfortunately, clinicians sometimes focus solely on the child and neglect the importance of the mother’s health and the maternal-child relationship. In our recent case report about the effective use of external pressure with pregnant and parenting substance-using women, we tried to demonstrate the need to attend to both maternal and child health, to the benefit of both.

Read more...

Published By  Lindsay

When a malnourished teenager with anorexia nervosa is admitted to the hospital, weight gain is a top priority — and food is medicine. But doctors mete out meals with caution, providing fewer calories than needed at first because the patients may be so frail that major swings in diet can be life-threatening.

Read more...

Subcategories

  • Mental Health Diseases & Disorders
    A list of MH Disorders from Alzheimer’s Disease to Personality Disorders to Trichotillomania.
  • Other Health Diseases & Disorders Relative to Depressio
    Special sectioned articles on info for men aged 50 plus. Men are living longer and longer....
    Key info for men aged 25-50
    OK, so you're not a kid anymore ....
    Key info for men under 25
    The good news is ....
    Plus so much more!
  • Childhood MH Disorders
    A variety of signs may point to mental health disorders or serious emotional disturbances in children or adolescents.
  • Doc Finder
  • Depressive Health Disorder Links
    Do your loved ones have a difficult time understanding your illness, because to them you "LOOK" fine? IDA helps friends and family see the courage and determination it takes to live with a debilitating illness, amidst the challenges, frustrations and losses!
    "But You LOOK Good!" -myida.org
  • SAAMM (Sexual Abuse Assault Molestaton Movement)
    Help is available - Call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-SAFE or 1-800-787-3224 (TDD). National Sexual Violence Resource Center at 1-877-739-3895 (toll free)
    www.nsvrc.org (24 hr access to information, resources, and research regarding sexual assault)
  • ADHD
    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD) is a condition affecting children and adults that is characterized by problems with attention, impulsivity, and overactivity. It affects between 3-7 percent of schoolage children, and between 2-4 percent of adults.
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder or PMDD is a condition associated with severe emotional and physical problems that are linked closely to the menstrual cycle. Symptoms occur regularly in the second half of the cycle and end when menstruation begins or shortly thereafter. PMDD is not just a new name for premenstrual syndrome (PMS), a condition that affects as many as 75% of menstruating women. It is, however, considered to be a very severe form of PMS that affects about 5% of menstruating women. Both PMDD and PMS share symptoms in common that include depression, anxiety, tension, irritability and moodiness. What sets PMDD apart is its severity. Women with PMDD find that it has a very disruptive effect on their lives. Please read on to get more information about PMDD -- what it is, how it is diagnosed and how it is treated.
  • Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
    Overview

    Women may experience emotional and physical changes prior to menstruation. The medical term for these changes is "premenstrual syndrome," commonly called PMS. More than 150 symptoms are associated with PMS, ranging from breast tenderness to nausea to anger and irritability.
  • Insomnia
    Insomnia can cause problems during the day, such as excessive sleepiness, fatigue, trouble thinking clearly or staying focused, or feeling depressed or irritable. It is not defined by the number of hours you sleep every night. Although the amount of sleep a person needs varies, most people need between 7 and 8 hours of sleep a night.
  • Breast Cancer
    This year in America, more than 211,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and 43,300 die. One woman in eight either has or will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. In addition, 1,600 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer and 400 will die this year. If detected early, the five-year survival rate exceeds 95%. Mammograms are among the best early detection methods, yet 13 million U.S. women 40 years of age or older have never had a mammogram.
  • Migraines
    More than 28 million Americans — three times more women than men — suffer from migraine headaches, a type of headache that's often severe. Although any head pain can be miserable, a migraine headache is often disabling. In some cases, these painful headaches are preceded or accompanied by a sensory warning sign (aura), such as flashes of light, blind spots or tingling in your arm or leg. A migraine headache is also often accompanied by other signs and symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine pain can be excruciating and may incapacitate you for hours or even days.
  • Diabetes & Depression
    Feeling down once in a while is normal. But some people feel a sadness that just won't go away. Life seems hopeless. Feeling this way most of the day for two weeks or more is a sign of serious depression.<br /><br />At any given time, most people with diabetes do not have depression. But studies show that people with diabetes have a greater risk of depression than people without diabetes. There are no easy answers about why this is true.<br /><br />The stress of daily diabetes management can build. You may feel alone or set apart from your friends and family because of all this extra work.<br /><br />If you face diabetes complications such as nerve damage, or if you are having trouble keeping your blood sugar levels where you'd like, you may feel like you're losing control of your diabetes. Even tension between you and your doctor may make you feel frustrated and sad.<br /><br />Just like denial, depression can get you into a vicious cycle. It can block good diabetes self-care. If you are depressed and have no energy, chances are you will find such tasks as regular blood sugar testing too much. If you feel so anxious that you can't think straight, it will be hard to keep up with a good diet. You may not feel like eating at all. Of course, this will affect your blood sugar levels.
  • Eating Disorders

  • Prenatal/Postnatal Depression

  • Chronic Pain & Depression

    Pain and depression are closely related. Sometimes, depression causes unexplained physical symptoms — such as back pain or headaches. In other cases, depression may increase your response to pain, or at least increase the suffering associated with pain. Conversely, chronic pain is stressful and depressing in itself. Sometimes pain and depression create a vicious cycle.

    Some research shows that pain and depression share common pathways in the emotional (limbic) region of the brain. In fact, the same chemical messengers control pain and mood. In addition, both chronic pain and depression are influenced by genetic and environmental factors.

    In some cases, antidepressants can reduce the perception of pain — as well as improve sleep and overall quality of life. Other types of mental health therapy can be helpful as well. Often, treatment involves both medical and mental health providers.~Mayo Clinic

  • Cancer & Depression

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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